Earlier results suggest a minor role of variants in the serotonin 3 receptor (HTR3) subunit genes on antipsychotic treatment outcome of schizophrenia patients. In this study, we further investigated the role of the subunits A and B of the HTR3 receptor using 140 schizophrenia patients taking clozapine for 6 months. We have found significant allelic association of clozapine response with three variants in the HTR3A receptor (rs2276302, rs1062613, rs1150226) although only rs1062613 association remained significant after permutations (permutated P=0.041). Moreover, rs2276302 and rs1062613 have shown nominally significant genotypic association. The two haplotypes composed of rs2276302-rs1062613-rs1150226 were also nominally significant. Taken together, our results suggest that variants in the HTR3A receptor gene can play a role in the treatment outcome of clozapine in schizophrenia patients that are refractory or intolerant of typical antipsychotic therapy. Further studies are necessary to confirm the reported associations.
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