Variability in platelet response to antiplatelet drugs is heritable. A common single base substitution (825C>T) in the G-protein beta polypeptide 3 (GNB3) gene leads to alternative splicing (41-amino-acid deletion) of the human G-protein beta3 (Gbeta3) subunit. This truncated protein carried by GNB3 T allele carriers is linked to coronary artery disease and implicated as a genetic marker of drug response. Large studies of Caucasians associate T allele carriage with lower platelet reactivity.
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