OATP1B1 and OATP1B3 are major hepatic drug transporters whilst OATP1A2 is mainly located in the brain but is also located in liver and several other organs. These transporters affect the distribution and clearance of many endobiotics and xenobiotics and have been reported to have functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). We have assessed the substrate specificities of these transporters for a panel of antiretrovirals and investigated the effects of SNPs within these transporters on the pharmacokinetics of lopinavir.
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