The dibenzopyran cannabinoids (delta-9 (Delta9)-tetrahydrocannabinol and nabilone) are clinically used to suppress nausea and vomiting produced by chemotherapeutic agents such as cisplatin. The purpose of this investigation was to investigate the antiemetic potential of the aminoalkylindole cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN 55, 212-2 [R(+)-[2,3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-[(morpholinyl) methyl] pyrolol [1,2,3-de]-1,4-benzoxazin-yl]-(1-naphthalenyl) methanone mesylate] against cisplatin-induced vomiting. Different doses of WIN 55, 212-2 (0, 1, 2.5 and 5 mg/kg, i.p.) reduced both the frequency of cisplatin (20 mg/kg, i.p.)-induced emesis (ID(50)=0.5 mg/kg) as well as the percentage of shrews vomiting (ID50=1.2 mg/kg) in a dose-dependent manner. Significant reductions in emesis frequency occurred from 2.5 mg/kg dose of WIN 55, 212-2, whereas significant total protection from vomiting was afforded at its 5 mg/kg dose. The antiemetic actions of a 5-mg/kg dose of WIN 55, 212-2 against cisplatin (20 mg/kg, i.p.)-induced vomiting were reversed by nonemetic subcutaneous doses (0, 0.25, 0.5 and 1 mg/kg) of the cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist/inverse agonist SR 141716A [N-piperidino-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methylpyrazole-3-carboxamide] (ID50=0.27 and 0.47 mg/kg, respectively) but not by a 5-mg/kg dose of the cannabinoid CB2 receptor antagonist SR 144528 [N-[(1S)-endo-1,3,3-trimethylbicyclo [2.2.1] heptan-2-yl]5-(4-chloro-3-methylphenyl)-1-(4-methybenzyl) pyrazole-3-carboxamide]. The effects of the cited doses of WIN 55, 212-2 were also investigated on several motor parameters (spontaneous locomotor activity, duration of movement and rearing frequency). Significant reductions in motor parameters were only observed at its highest tested dose (ID50=1.97, 2.75 and 2.8 mg/kg; respectively). SR 141716A (0, 0.5, 1, 5 and 10 mg/kg) also reversed the motor suppressant effects of a 5-mg/kg dose of WIN 55, 212-2 (ID50=0.39, 0.1 and 0.3 mg/kg, respectively) and significant reversals were seen from its 0.5 and 1 mg/kg doses. These results suggest that WIN 55, 212-2 reduces both emesis and indeces of locomotion via the stimulation of cannabinoid CB1 receptors. However, cannabinoid CB1 receptors in different loci are most likely responsible for the antiemetic and motor suppressive effects of WIN 55, 212-2 since reduction in the frequency of vomiting occurred at lower doses relative to its sedative actions.
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