A genetic variant BDNF polymorphism alters extinction learning in both mouse and human by Soliman Fatima, Glatt Charles E, Bath Kevin G, Levita Liat, Jones Rebecca M, Pattwell Siobhan S, Jing Deqiang, Tottenham Nim, Amso Dima, Somerville Leah H, Voss Henning U, Glover Gary, Ballon Douglas J, Liston Conor, Teslovich Theresa, Van Kempen Tracey, Lee Francis S, Casey B J in Science (New York, N.Y.) (2010). PubMed

Abstract

Mouse models are useful for studying genes involved in behavior, but whether they are relevant to human behavior is unclear. Here, we identified parallel phenotypes in mice and humans resulting from a common single-nucleotide polymorphism in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene, which is involved in anxiety-related behavior. An inbred genetic knock-in mouse strain expressing the variant BDNF recapitulated the phenotypic effects of the human polymorphism. Both were impaired in extinguishing a conditioned fear response, which was paralleled by atypical frontoamygdala activity in humans. Thus, this variant BDNF allele may play a role in anxiety disorders showing impaired learning of cues that signal safety versus threat and in the efficacy of treatments that rely on extinction mechanisms, such as exposure therapy.

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