Cytochrome P450 2C9 variants influence response to celecoxib for prevention of colorectal adenoma by Chan Andrew T, Zauber Ann G, Hsu Meier, Breazna Aurora, Hunter David J, Rosenstein Rebecca B, Eagle Craig J, Hawk Ernest T, Bertagnolli Monica M in Gastroenterology (2009). PubMed

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Variants in the cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9) gene are associated with impaired metabolism of celecoxib. We examined the influence of CYP2C9*2 (R144C) and CYP2C9*3 (I359L) variants on dose-related response or toxicity in a randomized trial of celecoxib. METHODS: We identified individuals with CYP2C9*2 and CYP2C9*3 genotypes (>or=1 variant allele) in the Adenoma Prevention with Celecoxib trial. Following adenoma removal, patients were assigned randomly to groups given placebo or low-dose (200 mg twice daily) or high-dose (400 mg twice daily) celecoxib and underwent follow-up colonoscopies at 1 and/or 3 years. RESULTS: Among 1660 patients, 21% were CYP2C9*2, and 12% were CYP2C9*3 genotypes. Overall, celecoxib was associated with a dose-dependent reduction in adenoma, compared with placebo, with relative risks (RR) of 0.65 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.56-0.76) for the low-dose and 0.54 (95% CI: 0.46-0.63) for the high-dose groups. However, the additional protective effect of the high dose, compared with the low-dose, was observed only in those with CYP2C9*3 genotypes (RR, 0.51; 95% CI: 0.30-0.87). The high dose, compared with low dose, was not associated with significant risk reduction among those with CYP2C9*2 (RR, 0.83; 95% CI: 0.57-1.21) or wild-type (RR, 0.89; 95% CI: 0.72-1.11) genotypes. Compared with placebo, a higher incidence of cardiovascular events was associated with both doses among patients with wild-type genotypes but only with the high dose among patients with variant genotypes. CONCLUSIONS: The greater efficacy of high-dose celecoxib, compared with the low-dose, in preventing colorectal adenoma appears confined to individuals with slow metabolizer (CYP2C9*3) genotypes. Genetic variability influences susceptibility to the potential benefits and hazards of celecoxib.

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