Disruption of the CFTR gene produces a model of cystic fibrosis in newborn pigs by Rogers Christopher S, Stoltz David A, Meyerholz David K, Ostedgaard Lynda S, Rokhlina Tatiana, Taft Peter J, Rogan Mark P, Pezzulo Alejandro A, Karp Philip H, Itani Omar A, Kabel Amanda C, Wohlford-Lenane Christine L, Davis Greg J, Hanfland Robert A, Smith Tony L, Samuel Melissa, Wax David, Murphy Clifton N, Rieke August, Whitworth Kristin, Uc Aliye, Starner Timothy D, Brogden Kim A, Shilyansky Joel, McCray Paul B, Zabner Joseph, Prather Randall S, Welsh Michael J in Science (New York, N.Y.) (2008). PubMed

Abstract

Almost two decades after CFTR was identified as the gene responsible for cystic fibrosis (CF), we still lack answers to many questions about the pathogenesis of the disease, and it remains incurable. Mice with a disrupted CFTR gene have greatly facilitated CF studies, but the mutant mice do not develop the characteristic manifestations of human CF, including abnormalities of the pancreas, lung, intestine, liver, and other organs. Because pigs share many anatomical and physiological features with humans, we generated pigs with a targeted disruption of both CFTR alleles. Newborn pigs lacking CFTR exhibited defective chloride transport and developed meconium ileus, exocrine pancreatic destruction, and focal biliary cirrhosis, replicating abnormalities seen in newborn humans with CF. The pig model may provide opportunities to address persistent questions about CF pathogenesis and accelerate discovery of strategies for prevention and treatment.

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