A functional polymorphism in COL11A1, which encodes the alpha 1 chain of type XI collagen, is associated with susceptibility to lumbar disc herniation by Mio Futoshi, Chiba Kazuhiro, Hirose Yuichiro, Kawaguchi Yoshiharu, Mikami Yasuo, Oya Takeshi, Mori Masaki, Kamata Michihiro, Matsumoto Morio, Ozaki Kouichi, Tanaka Toshihiro, Takahashi Atsushi, Kubo Toshikazu, Kimura Tomoatsu, Toyama Yoshiaki, Ikegawa Shiro in American journal of human genetics (2007). PubMed

Abstract

Lumbar disc herniation (LDH), degeneration and herniation of the nucleus pulposus of the intervertebral disc (IVD) of the lumbar spine, is one of the most common musculoskeletal diseases. Its etiology and pathogenesis, however, remain unclear. Type XI collagen is important for cartilage collagen formation and for organization of the extracellular matrix. We identified an association between one of the type XI collagen genes, COL11A1, and LDH in Japanese populations. COL11A1, which encodes the alpha 1 chain of type XI collagen, was highly expressed in IVD, but its expression was decreased in the IVD of patients with LDH. The expression level was inversely correlated with the severity of disc degeneration. A single-nucleotide polymorphism (c.4603C-->T [rs1676486]) had the most significant association with LDH (P=3.3 x 10(-6)), and the transcript containing the disease-associated allele was decreased because of its decreased stability. These observations indicate that type XI collagen is critical for IVD metabolism and that its decrease is related to LDH.

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