Effect of torcetrapib on carotid atherosclerosis in familial hypercholesterolemia by Kastelein John J P, van Leuven Sander I, Burgess Leslie, Evans Greg W, Kuivenhoven Jan A, Barter Philip J, Revkin James H, Grobbee Diederick E, Riley Ward A, Shear Charles L, Duggan William T, Bots Michiel L, RADIANCE 1 Investigators in The New England journal of medicine (2007). PubMed

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Torcetrapib, an inhibitor of cholesteryl ester transfer protein, may reduce atherosclerotic vascular disease by increasing levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. METHODS: A total of 850 patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia underwent B-mode ultrasonography at baseline and at follow-up to measure changes in carotid intima-media thickness. The patients completed an atorvastatin run-in period and were subsequently randomly assigned to receive either atorvastatin monotherapy or atorvastatin combined with 60 mg of torcetrapib for 2 years. RESULTS: After 24 months, in the atorvastatin-only group, the mean (+/-SD) HDL cholesterol level was 52.4+/-13.5 mg per deciliter and the mean low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol level was 143.2+/-42.2 mg per deciliter, as compared with 81.5+/-22.6 mg per deciliter and 115.1+/-48.5 mg per deciliter, respectively, in the torcetrapib-atorvastatin group. During the study, average systolic blood pressure increased by 2.8 mm Hg in the torcetrapib-atorvastatin group, as compared with the atorvastatin-only group. The increase in maximum carotid intima-media thickness, the primary measure of efficacy, was 0.0053+/-0.0028 mm per year in the atorvastatin-only group and 0.0047+/-0.0028 mm per year in the torcetrapib-atorvastatin group (P=0.87). The secondary efficacy measure, annualized change in mean carotid intima-media thickness for the common carotid artery, indicated a decrease of 0.0014 mm per year in the atorvastatin-only group, as compared with an increase of 0.0038 mm per year in the torcetrapib-atorvastatin group (P=0.005). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with familial hypercholesterolemia, the use of torcetrapib with atorvastatin, as compared with atorvastatin alone, did not result in further reduction of progression of atherosclerosis, as assessed by a combined measure of carotid arterial-wall thickness, and was associated with progression of disease in the common carotid segment. These effects occurred despite a large increase in HDL cholesterol levels and a substantial decrease in levels of LDL cholesterol and triglycerides. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00136981 [ClinicalTrials.gov].).

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