We describe four unrelated children who were referred to two tertiary referral medical genetics units between 1991 and 2005 and who are affected with juvenile polyposis of infancy. We show that these children are heterozygous for a germline deletion encompassing two contiguous genes, PTEN and BMPR1A. We hypothesize that juvenile polyposis of infancy is caused by the deletion of these two genes and that the severity of the disease reflects cooperation between these two tumor-suppressor genes.
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