Lipid-lowering response to statins is affected by CYP3A5 polymorphism by Kivistö Kari T, Niemi Mikko, Schaeffeler Elke, Pitkälä Kaisu, Tilvis Reijo, Fromm Martin F, Schwab Matthias, Eichelbaum Michel, Strandberg Timo in Pharmacogenetics (2004). PubMed

Abstract

Individuals expressing the polymorphic CYP3A5 enzyme might show a more than average efficiency in the metabolism of lovastatin, simvastatin and atorvastatin. We studied whether the expression of CYP3A5 is associated with an impaired lipid-lowering response to statins in 69 Caucasian patients. Lovastatin, simvastatin and atorvastatin were significantly less effective in CYP3A5 expressors than in non-expressors. The mean serum total cholesterol concentration at 1 year was 23% higher (P = 0.0014) and the mean serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration was 24% higher (P = 0.036) in subjects possessing the CYP3A5*1 allele (CYP3A5 expressors, n = 7) than in subjects homozygous for the CYP3A5*3 allele (non-expressors, n = 39). The mean percentage reduction in serum total cholesterol from baseline was significantly smaller in CYP3A5 expressors than in non-expressors (17% versus 31%, P = 0.026). No association between hypolipidemic efficacy and CYP3A5 polymorphism was observed among 23 subjects taking statins that are not dependent on CYP3A5 (fluvastatin, pravastatin). These findings suggest that CYP3A5 may be a genetic determinant of interindividual differences in response to certain statins.

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