In the present study, we report the first investigation of polymorphisms in the human CYP3A43 gene. A screening for sequence variations in the 5'-flanking and protein coding regions of the CYP3A43 gene was performed by a Polymerase Chain Reaction - Single Strand Conformational Polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) strategy, using DNA samples from 48 unrelated French individuals. Three polymorphisms in the coding region were identified, comprising two nucleotide substitutions, one silent (c.1047C>T) and one missense mutation (c.1018C>G/P340A), and a frame shift mutation (c.74delA), leading to a premature stop codon and, presumably, to a severely truncated protein. In order to evaluate the extent of the frame shift mutation in a larger population, 352 individuals were further genotyped. Thirty-four samples (4.83%) were found to be heterozygous and one homozygous (0.14%) for the nucleotide deletion, which suggests that, although the potential significance of this polymorphism remains to be further evaluated, some individuals are deficient for CYP3A43 activity.
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