We investigated the association of Parkinson's disease (PD) with dopamine transporter-1 (DAT1), monoamine oxidase-B (MAO-B), and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene polymorphisms. Overall, we observed no significant association of PD with the DAT1-3'-variable numbers of tandem repeats, the MAO-B-(GT)(n), and the COMT-Val108Met gene polymorphisms in a sample of 319 unrelated PD cases and 196 control subjects. Analyses stratified by sex, age at examination, family history of PD, and ethnic origin also yielded negative findings, with three exceptions. We found statistically significant associations of PD with MAO-B polymorphisms in older patients and with a COMT polymorphism in younger subjects and in women. These significant differences at the two-tailed alpha level of 0.05 and restricted to subgroup analyses may have a biological basis or may be chance findings.
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