PharmGKB contains no dosing guidelines for this . To report known genotype-based dosing guidelines, or if you are interested in developing guidelines, click here.
PharmGKB annotates drug labels containing pharmacogenetic information approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), European Medicines Agency (EMA) and the Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency, Japan (PMDA). PharmGKB annotations provide a brief summary of the PGx in the label, an excerpt from the label and a downloadable highlighted label PDF file. A list of genes and phenotypes found within the label is mapped to label section headers and listed at the end of each annotation. PharmGKB also attempts to interpret the level of action implied in each label with the "PGx Level" tag.
- FDA Information is gathered from the FDA's "Table of Pharmacogenomic Biomarkers in Drug Labels" and from FDA-approved labels brought to our attention. Please note that drugs may be removed from or added to the FDA's Table without our knowledge. We periodically check the Table for changes and update PharmGKB accordingly. Drugs listed on the Table to our knowledge are tagged with the Biomarker icon. A drug label that has been removed from the Table will not have the Biomarker icon but will continue to have an annotation on PharmGKB stating the label has been removed from the FDA's Table. We acquire label PDF files from DailyMed.
- EMA European Public Assessment Reports (EPARs) that contain PGx information were identified from [Article:24433361] and also by searching for drugs for which we have PGx-containing FDA drug labels.
- PMDA Japanese drug label annotation information is sourced from Shimazawa and Ikeda (2013), whose paper provided translations of the pharmacogenetic information contained in PMDA package inserts. The authors selected which PMDA package inserts to examine for PGx information based the FDA's "Table of Pharmacogenomic Biomarkers in Drug Labels".
We welcome any information regarding drug labels containing PGx information approved by the FDA, EMA, PMDA or other Medicine Agencies around the world - please contact feedback.
Clomiphene citrate is used to treat ovulatory dysfunction in women trying to become pregnant. This drug-biomarker pair was previously in the FDA's "Table of Pharmacogenomic Biomarkers in Drug Labels" but has subsequently been removed.
The previous FDA-approved drug label for clomiphene (Clomid) highlighted information regarding Rh genotype. This drug-biomarker pair was previously in the FDA's "Table of Pharmacogenomic Biomarkers in Drug Labels" but has subsequently been removed and the current drug label information no longer mentions Rh genotype. PGx information was originally found in the Precautions label section. See Daily Med Label link below for the new drug application label.
*Disclaimer: The contents of this page have not been endorsed by the FDA and are the sole responsibility of PharmGKB.
PharmGKB contains no Clinical Variants that meet the highest level of criteria.
Disclaimer: The PharmGKB's clinical annotations reflect expert consensus based on clinical evidence and peer-reviewed literature available at the time they are written and are intended only to assist clinicians in decision-making and to identify questions for further research. New evidence may have emerged since the time an annotation was submitted to the PharmGKB. The annotations are limited in scope and are not applicable to interventions or diseases that are not specifically identified.
The annotations do not account for individual variations among patients, and cannot be considered inclusive of all proper methods of care or exclusive of other treatments. It remains the responsibility of the health-care provider to determine the best course of treatment for a patient. Adherence to any guideline is voluntary, with the ultimate determination regarding its application to be made solely by the clinician and the patient. PharmGKB assumes no responsibility for any injury or damage to persons or property arising out of or related to any use of the PharmGKB clinical annotations, or for any errors or omissions.
This is a non-comprehensive list of genetic tests with pharmacogenetics relevance, typically submitted by the manufacturer and manually curated by PharmGKB. The information listed is provided for educational purposes only and does not constitute an endorsement of any listed test or manufacturer.
A more complete listing of genetic tests is found at the Genetic Testing Registry (GTR).
|PGx Test||Variants Assayed||Related Drugs?|
|Alternate Symbols: ||CD240D; DIIIc; Rh30a; Rh4; RhII; RhPI|
|PharmGKB Accession Id:||PA34387|
|Cytogenetic Location:||chr1 : p36.11 - p36.11|
|GP mRNA Boundary†:||chr1 : 25598981 - 25656936|
|GP Gene Boundary†:||chr1 : 25588981 - 25659936|