The EMA European Public Assessment Report (EPAR) for imatinib (Glivec) contains pharmacogenetic information regarding the indication of the drug in patients with tumors positive for biomarkers including KIT (CD117), BCR-ABL (Philadelphia chromosome), PDGFR and FIP1L1-PDGFRalpha rearrangements.
Excerpt from the imatinib (Glivec) EPAR:
Glivec is indicated for the treatment of
- adult and paediatric patients with newly diagnosed Philadelphia chromosome (bcr-abl) positive (Ph+) chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) for whom bone marrow transplantation is not considered as the first line of treatment.
- adult and paediatric patients with Ph+ CML in chronic phase after failure of interferon-alpha therapy, or in accelerated phase or blast crisis.
- adult patients with newly diagnosed Philadelphia chromosome positive acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (Ph+ ALL) integrated with chemotherapy.
- adult patients with relapsed or refractory Ph+ ALL as monotherapy.
- adult patients with myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative diseases (MDS/MPD) associated with platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) gene re-arrangements.
- adult patients with advanced hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) and/or chronic eosinophilic leukaemia (CEL) with FIP1L1-PDGFR rearrangement.
Glivec is indicated for
- the treatment of adult patients with Kit (CD 117) positive unresectable and/or metastatic malignant gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GIST).
- the adjuvant treatment of adult patients who are at significant risk of relapse following resection of Kit (CD117)-positive GIST. Patients who have a low or very low risk of recurrence should not receive adjuvant treatment.
This information is highlighted in the following sections:
Therapeutic indications, posology and method of administration, pharmacodynamic properties, package leaflet: information for the user.
The label also states that caution be taken when imatinib is taken concomittantly with CYP3A4 inhibitors and CYP3A4 inducers should be avoided.
For the complete drug label text with sections containing pharmacogenetic information highlighted, see the imatinib EMA drug label.
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